Advancement of legal knowledge in Rudaki district
International NGO Rights and Prosperity within the project of "Power to the people. Governance for the benefit of vulnerable groups of population”, funded by the Department for International Development (DFID) of the UK has held a series of trainings on legal education for vulnerable groups of population in local areas of Tajikistan. Due to the project a survey has been conducted, which revealed a number of local areas that highly need their population’s legal knowledge to be advanced. These are Muminobod, Bokhtar, Spitamen, Jabor Rasulov, Hissor and Rudaki districts, which consequently were selected for the implementation of support programs.
In December 2009 and January 2010 the Rights and Prosperity begun to hold trainings in Rudaki district with the purpose to implement the abovementioned project. Thus, in late 2009 in jamoat (local self-governance body) Shahraki Somoniyon and in early 2010 in jamoat Zainabobod of Rudaki district three-days trainings on "Social and state governance" and "The cooperation forms between state and citizens” were passed.
The training sessions were aimed to improve citizens' knowledge about their rights and legal guarantees, develop their capacity to influence the governmental bodies’ policies, as well as enhance people’s potentials on possible initiatives in the establishment and organization of Public Chamber in Rudaki district.
The observation in the trainings showed that the participants had not basic knowledge about state, political structure and governance. Furthermore during the training, which were devoted to governmental services it was revealed that participants even did not understand the difference between corruption and public services. Therefore, one of the main tasks of trainers was to explain and exemplify those issues to participants. Also it should be noted that participants had difficulties while studying such sessions as "Advocacy” and “Transparency and accountability of state bodies”. To address these problems the coaches used a variety of interactive methods.
During the trainings alongside with the participants also residents from other nearby jamoats had opportunity to receive from the coaches, free legal advices on legal issues, which inhabitants often face in local areas.
The result of trainings showed that the information received by the participants of the trainings was very useful for them as they explored issues such as state structure and the executive authorities, learned how the good governance shall be, and what a two-way subordination is. Trainings’ participants also received information on citizens’ rights to participate in state management, recourse to obtain information from state bodies and mechanisms to protect the rights of citizens.